Ice Hydraulics and Engineering
- Understanding the physics of river ice processes.
- Development of simulation tools to resolve emerging issues.
- Ice control for hydroelectric production.
- Research ice forces on structures and vessels.
- Provide guidance for ice jam flood control.
- Lock ice control methods and design tools.
- Understanding climate variability impacts on snowmelt runoff patterns.
- Provide complex snow models.
- Conduct remote snow assessments for snow water equivalence and snow coverage area.
- Experience in combining satellite data, ground observations, and snow modeling for hydrologic analysis of flooding.
- Operational support across the world for ice jam, snowmelt, and snow/ice-related flooding events.
- Understand dynamic events that can result in significant infrastructure damage.
- Track and assess ice jam potential and risk.
- Conduct site visits during significant events.
- Maintain the Ice Jam Database.
- Strategic defense and national facilities located in cold and remote locations.
- Performance criteria must be adapted to provide high reliability.
- Cold regions can add significant cost penalties to build and sustain facilities.
- Effects of extreme cold on material and procedures.
- Army Transformation infrastructure must support all season operations.