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2007 Archived Stories

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US and UK Collaboration on Sensor-Based Intrusion Detection

(10/31/07) A two-year task plan for collaboration between ERDC-CRREL and the UK Center for the Protection of National Infrastructure has been executed under a U.S. Department of Defense/U.K. Ministry of Defense Memorandum of Understanding concerning research and development in combating terrorism. Dr. Lindamae Peck is the ERDC Task Manager. This collaboration supports the development and testing of ERDC Adaptive Protection decision aids for sensor-based early awareness of atypical activity and stand-off cuing of defensive measures.

POC:, 603-646-4261

CRREL Leads Editing and Release of 2007 Web-Based Arctic Report

(10/31/07) Jackie Richter-Menge, ERDC-CRREL, led an international team of research scientists as chief editor of the recently released 2007 Arctic Report Card. The peer-reviewed web site tracks multiple changes in the Arctic environment, providing a concise, scientifically credible, and accessible source of recent observations. The Report Card is organized by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and will be updated annually. Richter-Menge and Dr. Don Perovich (CRREL research geophysicist) also contributed to the Sea Ice Cover section of the Report Card.

POC:, 603-646-4266

CRREL Received Visit from DoD Defense Coordinating Officer

(10/24/07) On 12 October 2007, COL Frank Kosich, DoD Defense Coordinating Office, FEMA Region I and 6 members of the Defense Coordinating Element (DCE), US Army North, toured ERDC CRREL for as part of a professional development day. Additionally, the DCE staff was accompanied by US Army Reserve counterparts supporting the State of NH. The Defense Coordinating Officer is the focal point of any DoD response to a particular disaster. The DCE represents a common element in the DoD military support to civilian agencies effort with the Federal Coordinating Officer and the Federal response community. The DCE is co-located with FEMA Region I in Boston, Massachusetts.

POC:, 603-646-4262

CRREL's Bjella to Join Fairbanks Office

(10/24/07) Kevin Bjella with ERDC-CRREL in Hanover will soon relocate to Fairbanks, Alaska, and join the staff of CRREL's Alaska Projects Office.

This move reflects the increasing project load in both the Fairbanks and Anchorage offices and in all areas of research. [Read More]

POC:, 603-646-4608

Journal Article Published on Detection Using Acoustic Time-Reversal Techniques

(10/24/07) Drs. Lanbo Liu (CRREL Expert at University of Connecticut), Don Albert (CRREL Geophysicist), and Keith Wilson (CRREL Research Physical Scientists), recently published "The Effect of Changing Scatterer Positions on Acoustic Time-Reversal Refocusing in a 2D Urban Environment at Low Frequencies," in Journal of Geophysical Engineering 4(2007):276-284. This paper describes a computer study investigating acoustic source location in urban areas, and shows that knowledge of building positions within a few meters is sufficient to be able to find accurate source locations. These research collaborations support of the ERDC Geospatial Research and Engineering Business Area.

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CRREL Received Visit from Australian Army Liaison

(10/24/07) On 4 October 2007, LTC Pat Sowry, Australian Army liaison to the US Marine Corps Engineer School, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, visited ERDC-CRREL for a tour and program briefings related of interest to Australian Forces deployments to cold regions areas of operations. Research to improve low latitude, high altitude cold weather operations is an area of mutual interest. In a prior assignment, LTC Sowry was the liaison to the Maneuver Support Center, Ft. Leonard Wood, Missouri.

POC:, 603-646-4262

Adjunct Professor Mary Albert to Traverse Antarctica for Climate Clues

(10/24/07) Feature Article from the Women in Science Project (WISP) Newsletter: Adjunct Professor of Engineering Mary Albert, who is a research mechanical engineer at USA-CRREL, has joined the Norwegians for the Norwegian-US Scientific Traverse of East Antarctica. As the flagship project of Norway's International Polar Year Program, this traverse aims to investigate how the "sleeping giant" of the huge East Antarctic ice sheet is responding to global climate change. [Full Article (Begins on Page 4)]

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Boteler Named Chief of CRREL Signature Physics Branch

(10/24/07) The branch conducts research to increase understanding of the dynamic changes to electromagnetic, acoustic, and seismic signatures in response to changing terrain state and complex terrain features and geometry.

Boteler's previous positions were with the Army Research Laboratory, China Lake Naval Weapons Center, General Dynamics Corporation and most recently with the Naval Surface Warfare Center-Indian Head. His work experiences include a wide array of activities as a research physicist and in team building and leading. [Read More]

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CRREL Delegation Visits India's Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment

(10/24/07) In mid-September, a delegation of CRREL scientists and a representative from ERDC's International Research Office (IRO) traveled to India to meet with colleagues at the Ministry of Defense's Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment (SASE). The delegation consisted of Dr. Robert Davis, Dr. Steve Daly, Dr. Jon Zufelt, Ms. Janet Hardy, and Dr. Steve Grant from IRO. The scientists visited the SASE headquarters in Chandigarh, and their offices and field research sites in Manali and Keylong. ERDC-CRREL and SASE have recently developed a cooperative Information Exchange Agreement allowing for the exchange of scientific and technical information of mutual interest relative to research, development, test and evaluation pertaining to cold regions environments.

POC:, 603-646-4306

Journal Article Published on Explosives in Groundwater

(10/24/07) Jay Clausen, a CRREL Research Physical Scientist, recently published "Energetic Compound False-Positives in Ground Water Profile Samples," in Ground Water Monitoring and Review 27(3):90-101 with Elizabeth Wessling, and Brad Chirgwin. This is the first study to systematically compare results between groundwater profile and monitoring well samples from an Army Impact Range. The report provides a baseline for all future studies assessing explosives in groundwater samples.

POC:, 603-646-4597

CRREL Hosts DARPA Robotics Field Exercise

DARPA Robot (10/22/07) In September 07, Michael Parker (CRREL mechanical engineer) hosted a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) study. The Learning Applied to Ground Robotics study involved several robotic hardware-software options for maneuvering in limited global positioning system covered terrain. Information from this field exercise will be used to create algorithms that learn how to navigate based on their own experience and by mimicking human teleoperations. The testing environment contained multiple test conditions: slope, tree canopy, and slippage. CRREL's involvement in this program included supplying a varied testing environment for the robots, and establishing a command post for running the tests. The results from the exercise will enable these algorithms to be integrated into autonomous military robotic ground vehicles. Robotic technology using terrain reasoning and mobility prediction based on terrain state supports ERDC's Geospatial Research & Engineering and Military Engineering Business Areas.

POC:, 603-646-4738

Researcher Appointed Chair, Scientific Ice Expedition (SCICEX) Science Advisory Committee

(10/23/07) Ms. Jackie Richter-Menge has been appointed by the Office of Naval Research and the National Science Foundation to chair the seven-member Science Advisory Committee (SAC) for the SCICEX program. Since 1993, the US Navy has provided access to submarines operating in the Arctic Ocean for civilian academic research under the SCICEX program. While current access is limited (there have been no dedicated missions since 1999) SCICEX continues with Navy personnel carrying out projects for science teams and making available regularly collected underway measurements, such as sea ice draft data and water samples. The SAC provides guidance on the program's scientific potential and priorities, acting as a liaison with the greater scientific community.

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Shock and Vibration Associate Editor Appointment

(10/23/07) Dr. Harley Cudney has been selected to serve as associate editor of Shock and Vibration, a journal published by IOS Press for the Shock and Vibration Information Analysis Center (SAVIAC). SAVIAC is a central information resource for Government activities, contractors, and academics concerned with structural dynamics design, analysis, testing, shock physics and weapon effects. SAVIAC is sponsored by the US Army Corps of Engineers, Engineering Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, Mississippi, in addition to sponsorship by other Army labs, Air Force, Navy, other Department of Defense agencies, and several Department of Energy laboratories. Dr. Bob Welch (ITL) serves as director of SAVIAC. Dr. Cudney is a mechanical engineer conducting research for the Seismic and Acoustic Team within the recently formed Signature Physics Branch at CRREL.

POC:, 603-646-4821

Research Expands into the Force Health Protection Domain

(9/26/07) Dr. Mike Reynolds, CRREL Research Physical Scientist, attended the 10th Annual Force Health Protection Conference held in Louisville, KY from 4–11 August 2007. Reynolds presented "Rapid Endospore Viability Measurement Using Hyperspectral Reflectance Signatures," which represents a collaborative effort between CRREL and TEC researchers including C.M. Reynolds, D.B. Ringelberg, J.E. Anderson, G.G Koenig, K.L. Foley, and J.D. Edwards, in the Science and Technology (S&T) Track. The mission of the Force Health Protection Conference includes exploring new advances in science, technology, and information related to a healthy, deployable force and better sustainment of the soldier, especially in deployments where Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear or Weapons of Mass Destruction may be encountered. The findings presented were developed in a current EQ/I Basic Research project and this venue represents an emerging area of potential growth for the ERDC.

POC:, 603-646-4394

Research Enables Small Arms Training with Lead Projectiles

(9/26/07) Jay Clausen, CRREL Research Physical Scientist, recently completed a research report, "Environmental Assessment of Lead at Camp Edwards, Massachusetts, Small Arms Ranges," ERDC/CRREL TR-07-11. The report was the basis for the US Environmental Protection Agency and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts allowing the military to resume small arms training with lead projectiles after a 10-year hiatus due to an EPA Administrative Order. The order had stopped all military training with lead at the Massachusetts Military Reservation. Its resumption represents a significant milestone in the Department of Defense's efforts to achieve sustainable training ranges.

POC:, 603-646-4597

Cold Regions Infrastructure Monitoring in Thule AFB, Greenland

(9/20/07) Kevin Bjella of CRREL was on-site at Thule from 6–14 September 2007 and conferred with Ty Sabin and Floyd Schultz (USACE Omaha District) on flood diversion options for base protection from future precipitation and ice cap slush flow events. Similar events caused damage in 2001 and 2005 and Dr. Steve Daly with CRREL is consulting on the project. Discussions were also conducted with 821st Air Base Group Commander COL Lee-Volker Cox and 821st Support Squadron Commander MAJ Philip Hicks to identify infrastructure research needs at this most northerly DoD installation. Collaboration continued with Dr. Ron Sletten (University of Washington) and the Thule Biocomplexity Project sponsored by the National Science Foundation. Readings were taken on 19 thermocouple strings installed under hangar floors in 1957. These will be compared to previous data to understand the response of frozen ground under heated and unheated structures in the high arctic.

POC:, 603-646-4608

CRREL Sponsors USMA Cadet Capstone Topics

(9/20/07) In cooperation with MAJ Paul Kucik, Department of Systems Engineering, United States Military Academy (USMA) and Dr. Niki Goerger, ERDC Research Associate at the USMA, CRREL has agreed to sponsor two USMA cadet capstone topics relevant to on-going research support to the Global War on Terrorism. Mr. Jim Lacombe will preside as technical representative for CRREL regarding problem formulation and logistics in support of MAJ Kucik's two senior design (capstone) projects. The capstone topics deal with checkpoint configuration and design. One capstone team will also participate in the annual Massachusetts Institute of Technology/USMA Soldier Design Competition. The capstone teams will work to refine the project scope and develop products for CRREL through two semesters, applying the systems design process.

POC:, 603-646-4262

Summary Review of Seismic Signals for Military Sensor Applications

(9/10/07) Dr. Harley Cudney (ERDC-CRREL) presented a tutorial on seismic signals for military applications at the 2007 Meeting of the Military Sensing Symposium Specialty Group on Battlespace Acoustic & Seismic Sensing, Magnetic & Electric Field Sensors, held 21–23 August 2007 at Johns Hopkins University's Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Maryland. Drs. Mark Moran, Steve Ketcham, Tom Anderson, Lindamae Peck, Roy Greenfield, and Mr. Jim Lacombe were other CRREL contributors to the tutorial content. Dr. Cudney also presented a paper Source Modeling and Verification of Acoustic Propagation over Natural and Synthetic Terrain at this conference.

POC:, 603-646-4821

PIANC Task Group Meeting on Climate Change and Navigation

(9/10/07) CRREL Research Hydraulic Engineer, Dr. Kate White, attended the International Navigation Association (PIANC) Environmental Commission meeting at HW Wallingford, Wallingford, England 21–23 August 2007 to assist in developing concise guidance for the navigation sector on how to understand and deal with knowledge about climate variability and the various projected scenarios. The task group consists of fifteen members from eleven countries. Dr. Hans Moser chairs the group and is with the Federal Institute of Hydrology in Germany. The inaugural meeting was in Brussels in March 2007. Following the meeting in Wallingford (UK) in August 2007, the group's report was about two-thirds drafted. A third meeting is planned for February 2008 in Hanover, New Hampshire.

POC:, 603-646-4187

USEPA Methods Workshop Held at CRREL

(9/10/07) From 15–16 August 2007, CRREL hosted a workshop on US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) Method 8330B, a revised method for determining energetic compounds in soil and water. This method is based on CRREL research sponsored by the Strategic Environmental Research & Development and the Corps of Engineers Distributed Source Programs. Mr. Alan Hewitt organized the workshop with presentations by CRREL researchers Mr. Hewitt, Ms. Marianne Walsh, Mr. Michael Walsh, and Dr. Thomas Jenkins. 55 participants attended, including representatives from federal and state governments, academia, environmental consulting firms, and environmental testing laboratories. Hands-on demonstrations were given to participants of multi-increment sampling with the CRREL soil sampling tool, laboratory sample processing, and laboratory analysis using high performance liquid and gas chromatography.

POC:, 603-646-4388

Release of "FirstStrike" Slender Wheatgrass

(9/10/07) Antonio Palazzo and Timothy Cary, in cooperation with the US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Agricultural Research Service in Logan, UT, have released a new cultivar through a publication in the Journal of Plant Registrations. The cultivar was developed using funding from the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, and the source nursery was located at Fort Carson, CO. This plant has shown to have rapid seedling establishment in trials at the Yakima Training Center and Camp Guernsey. Rapid seedling establishment is important for successful revegetation planting in the western U.S. and for greater resiliency to military training. Additional releases of other native plants for use on military lands will appear soon. Besides the releases, Palazzo and Cary are also distributing seeds of three of the new germplasms to five military facilities located in the western U.S.

POC:, 603-646-4374

CRREL Conducts Physical Model Tests for Barrow Coastal Protection

(9/10/07) Researchers with the Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (CRREL) are providing assistance to a very remote region of the world. A region so unique that months of darkness are followed by months of sunlight and the daily minimum temperature is below freezing for more than 300 days of the year. The area of interest is in Barrow, Alaska, the northernmost community in North America located on the Chukchi Sea coast, Barrow is approximately 10 miles south of Point Barrow, from which it takes its name. [Full Article]

New Concrete Paves Way for Longer Building Term

(9/7/07) A new technique for mixing concrete could extend Interior Alaska's building season by as much as two months. The creator of the process, Charles Korhonen, demonstrated the cold-weather concrete for area contractors, Department of Transportation officials and University of Alaska professors at the Cold Climate Housing Research Center in Fairbanks last month. [Full Article from the Anchorage Daily News]

Getting to the Botton of It: Tech Team Explores Mendenhall Depths

(9/7/07) A research team hopes radar can unlock the glacial mysteries of Mendenhall Lake by exploring the layers of sediments underneath the lake's bed. Eran Hood, associate professor of environmental science at the University of Alaska Southeast, and technicians from the Fairbanks-based U.S. Army's Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab spent Wednesday and Thursday mornings dragging a ground penetrating radar system across the frozen lake surface with a snowmachine. [Full Article from the Juneau Empire]

CRREL Scientists Join Arctic Expedition

(7/17/07) Two scientists with the Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (CRREL), along with an international team of scientists, recently embarked on a journey to the Arctic ice sheet.

For CRREL's Jackie Richter-Menge, a veteran of Arctic field work, the Sea-Ice Experiment: Dynamic Nature of the Arctic (SEDNA) is an opportunity to spend a little more than two weeks conducting measurements on the ice.

SEDNA is one of the initial activities of the U.S. International Polar Year (IPY). The goal of this expedition is to deepen the understanding of the complex interaction between the atmosphere, sea ice cover, and ocean, and its influence on the mass balance of the ice cover. Results will be used to improve models of the sea ice cover, leading to better predictions of future changes and assessments of the impacts of these changes on regional and global communities. [Full article from Engineer Update no longer available online.]]

POC:, 603-646-4266

Expedition Traverses Arctic Alaska and Canada

(6/20/07) During March and April, a scientist from the Cold Regions Research Engineering Laboratory (CRREL) will head up an expedition and education outreach program that will traverse the barren lands of Arctic Alaska and Canada. The expedition is called SnowSTAR-2007.

The eight-person science team (five Americans and three Canadians) will travel 3,500 kilometers (2,170 miles) by snowmobile, visiting native communities and schools along the way. The journey has a strong educational component with more than 50 schools throughout the U.S. and Canada participating remotely.

The traverse will follow the Arctic Circle for much of the route and will take the scientists to dozens of historic arctic locations, two remote diamond mines, and 11 villages. The goal of the trip is to "find" the Arctic by exploring the changing natural and human systems in the region, talking to the people who live in towns and villages along the route, and discovering what makes up the modern Arctic today. [Full article from Engineer Update no longer available.]

POC:, 603-646-4266

Arctic Sea Ice Field Program, SEDNA, Successfully Completed

(6/12/07) Arctic Sea Ice Field Program, SEDNA, Successfully Completed: The Sea Ice Experiment: Dynamic Nature of the Arctic (SEDNA) team recently returned from a three-week field program in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea, marking the successful completion of one of the initial activities of the International Polar Year. Jackie Richter-Menge, ERDC-CRREL, and Cathy Geiger, ERDC-CRREL contractor from the University of Delaware, were among those leading the international team of scientists. Bruce Elder, ERDC-CRREL, also contributed to the success of the field program. The primary objective of the SEDNA project is to advance the understanding of the complex interaction between the atmosphere, sea ice cover and the ocean. Results will be used to improve models of the sea ice cover, leading to better predictions of future changes and assessments of the impacts of these changes on regional and global communities. The SEDNA program also has a strong educational component with a Vermont high school teacher participating via the PolarTREC program and 15 students and early career researchers joining the field team. For more information see the growing Web sites starting at the central node on the SEDNA site.

POC:, 603-646-4266

CRREL Branch Hosts Toys Trade Show

(4/4/07) The Terrestrial and Cryospheric Sciences Branch at the Hanover site recently hosted its first CRREL Toys Trade show. The show provided an opportunity for fellow researchers, scientists and interested others to see and hear about the toys in the form of equipment, tools and computer models that are available for use and to plan for future use in research projects. Some of those "toys" staffed and exhibited included CRREL's new external Web site, a hyperspectral camera, onsite library resources, infrared cameras, sound and vibration monitors, Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems spatial data resources and technologies, over snow robotics, printed circuit board machines and an ice mass balance buoy. With such a wide variety of items, there was something of interest for everyone. [Read More]

POC:, 603-646-4306

CRREL's Zufelt Selected Alaska Engineer of the Year

(3/29/07) The 2006 Alaska Engineer of the Year is Dr. Jon E. Zufelt, PE, of CRREL's Anchorage office. He was cited for his many years of engineering experience in Alaska and New Hampshire, engineering publications, service to professional societies and the engineering community in Alaska, community service, education including continuing education, and engineering honors and certifications. [Read More]

CRREL Hosts Oil Spill Response Visitors Day

(3/29/07) Leonard J. Zabilansky, ERDC-CRREL Ice Engineering Research Group, co-hosted an oil spill response visitor's day 6 March. Other hosting partners included researchers from the U.S. Department of the Interior's Minerals Management Service, the Oil & Hazardous Materials Simulated Environmental Test Tank and the test principal investigator Dr. Arturo Keller, University of California at Santa Barbara. The visitor's day was held onsite and participants were able to view mechanical oil skimmers' performance in ice environments within CRREL's Material Evaluation Facility. [Read More]

POC:, 603-646-4318

Researcher Receives Wings WorldQuest Award

(3/16/07) ERDC-CRREL's recent hire Dr. Erin Pettit was presented an award by Wings WorldQuest on 1 March. The purpose of the award is "to identify and honor outstanding women who are making a significant contribution to the store of world knowledge through exploration." Dr. Pettit's award is based on her program, "Girls on Ice," which provides high school girls the opportunity to learn the scientific method while gaining mountaineering and wilderness skills. As Dr. Pettit mentors future female scientists, she also conducts critical research into the dynamic behaviors of ice divides, the movement of glaciers, and the formation of glacial ice cliffs. For more information, visit: Wings Worldquest site.

POC:, 603-646-4306

Researcher Interviewed on Vermont Public Radio (VPR)

(3/16/07) Dr. Mary Albert, ERDC-CRREL, conducted an interview on NPR's weekly science show "Science Friday," which aired nationally on 2 Mar. Dr. Albert talked about science issues driving the International Polar Year (IPY). For more information on U.S. agency participation in the IPY, visit, and for information on international activities in (IPY). To listen to the interview, go to the Vermont Public Radio site.

POC:, 603-646-4306

ERDC-CRREL Researcher Gives Opening Remarks at IPY Event

Dr. Mary Albert, ERDC-CRREL, gave the opening remarks at an event celebrating the International Polar Year (IPY) at the Finnish Embassy in Washington, DC, 13 February. Dr. Albert was invited to give the remarks by Ambassador Pekka Lintu of Finland. The banquet was attended by approximately 60 senior government officials and covered by a number of media outlets. For more information on the IPY, visit the IPY site.

POC:, 603-646-4306

ERDC-CRREL Researcher Wins Best Paper Award

Edel Cortez, research civil engineer at ERDC-CRREL, received the Best Paper Award for 2005 from Geosynthetics International, a publication of the InterĀnational Geosynthetics Society. Cortez co-authored the paper with Dr. Steven Perkins (Montana State University). The paper, "Evaluation of Base-Reinforced Pavements Using a Heavy Vehicle Simulator," summarized the work up to that date on a study funded by the Montana Department of Transportation. The study investigated the ability of geotextiles and geogrids to reinforce flexible pavements built on soft subgrades. The positive results obtained with geogrids generated interest on a new pooled-fund study currently undergoing accelerated traffic testing in the Frost Effects Research Facility at CRREL. The knowledge gained from this reimbursable effort supports ERDC's Military Engineering Business Area and CRREL's Cold Regions Infrastructure Technical Area.

POC:, 603-646-4301

Arctic Science Summit Week 2007

Dr. Mary Albert, ERDC-CRREL, is a co-organizer of the Arctic Science Summit Week (ASSW 2007), from March 14–20, 2007 in Hanover, New Hampshire. The Arctic science summit is an annual meeting of the Directors and logistics operators of the polar research institutes of many nations. The purpose of the summit is to provide opportunities for international coordination, collaboration and cooperation in all areas of Arctic science. The ASSW also offers insight into Arctic research undertaken by the host country. This is the first time that this annual international meeting has been held in the U.S. Previous ASSW meetings have been held in Potsdam (Germany), Tromso (Norway), Cambridge (UK), Iqaluit (Canada), Groningen (Netherlands), Kiruna (Sweden), Reykjavik (Iceland), and Kunming (China). ASSW 2007 falls at the beginning of the International Polar Year (IPY) 2007-2008. The IPY is an intense, global campaign of coordinated polar observations and analysis. The ASSW2007 is one of the inaugural events for the U.S. and international involvement in IPY. The Chairpersons of ASSW 2007 are Dr. Mary Albert from ERDC-CRREL, and Dr. Ross Virginia from Dartmouth. Description of the organization, listing of sessions, and registration information can be found online at Arctic Science Summit Week site.

POC:, 603-646-4422

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